James Smith, Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Arts, Science and Technology (formerly in the School of The Arts) talks about the importance of feedback for student learning.


What are principles of good feedback practice?

Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick (2006) suggest seven principles of good feedback practice.

Good feedback practice:

  1. Helps clarify what good performance is (goals, criteria, expected standards)
  2. Facilitates the development of self-assessment (reflection) in learning
  3. Delivers high quality information to students about their learning
  4. Encourages teacher and peer dialogue around learning
  5. Encourages positive motivational beliefs and self-esteem
  6. Provides opportunities to close the gap between current and desired performance
  7. Provides information to teachers that can be used to help shape teaching